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Biodegradation – Definition, Steps, Factors, Applications

Biodegradation - Definition, Steps, Factors, Applications

What is Biodegradation? Definition of Biodegradation Biodegradation is the natural process by which microorganisms break down organic matter into simpler substances, such as carbon dioxide, water, and minerals. Examples of Some biodegradable pollutants Biodegradable pollutants encompass a range of highly toxic synthetic compounds that have been introduced into the environment over time. Some examples of … Read more

Bioremediation – Definition, Types, Application

Bioremediation - Definition, Types, Application

What is Bioremediation? Bioremediation is a process used to clean up and detoxify polluted sites by utilizing microorganisms, plants, or their enzymes to break down and degrade environmental contaminants. It involves the natural or deliberate introduction of these biological agents to enhance the rate of degradation and transformation of pollutants. The concept of bioremediation includes … Read more

Degradation of Hydrocarbons (oil spills)

Degradation of Hydrocarbons (oil spills)

Types of Hydrocarbon Crude petroleum HCs can be categorised as alkanes, cycloalkanes, aromatics, polycyclic aromatics, asphaltines, and resins. Alkanes Cycloalkanes  Aromatic HCs Polycyclic aromatic HC Asphaltines and resins Effects of Hydrocarbon The ecological and/or economic effects of direct or indirect exposure of live creatures to hydrocarbon molecules can vary. Principles of Bioremediation Oil Spill Cleaning … Read more

Degradation of Pesticides – Types, Mechanisms

Degradation of Pesticides - Types, Mechanisms

What are Pesticides? any substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, or controlling any pest, including vectors of human or animal disease, unwanted species of plants or animals, causing harm during or otherwise interfering with the production, processing, storage, transport, or marketing of food, agricultural commodities, wood and wood products or animal feedstuffs; … Read more

Phytoremediation – Definition, Types, Mechanisms

Phytoremediation - Definition, Types, Mechanisms

What is Phytoremediation? Types of Phytoremediation There are three varieties of phytoremediation: 1. In situ phytoremediation Advantages of In situ phytoremediation Disadvantages of In situ phytoremediation 2. In-vivo phytoremediation with relocated contaminants 3. In vitro phytoremediation Processes Of Phytoremediation Phytoremediation is based on certain natural processes carried out by plants, such as:  Mechanisms of phytoremediation … Read more

Bioaccumulation – Definition, Mechanisms, Applications

Bioaccumulation - Definition, Mechanisms, Applications

What is Bioaccumulation? Definitions of Bioaccumulation Bioaccumulation (increase in chemical concentration) is the process of chemical accumulation in an organism over time. Bioaccumulation, as defined by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, is the accumulation of a chemical in an organism due to direct uptake from the environmental matrix (bioconcentration) and uptake from … Read more

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