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History of Microbiology 

History of Microbiology 

The Emergence of Microbiology: Uncovering Microbes Microbiology, the study of microscopic living organisms, is a relatively recent scientific field that has significantly advanced our understanding of biology and disease. The foundation of microbiology can be traced back to the mid-19th century, during a period of considerable growth and development in the biological sciences. Key Developments … Read more

History, Branches, and Career Opportunities of Microbiology

Glorious History of Microbiology

What is Microbiology? Microbiology, derived from the Greek words μῑκρός (mīkros) meaning ‘small’, βίος (bíos) meaning ‘life’, and -λογία (-logía) meaning ‘study of’, is the scientific discipline focused on the study of microorganisms. These microorganisms can be unicellular (single-celled), multicellular (comprising multiple cells), or acellular (lacking cellular structure). The field encompasses several sub-disciplines, including virology, … Read more

Biosafety levels With their Primary and Secondary Barriers.

Biosafety levels With their Primary and Secondary Barriers.

Biosafety Definition Biosafety defines as the application of safety precautions which reduces a laboratorians risk of exposure to potentially infectious material and limits contamination of the work environment and ultimately the community. Why we need Biosafety? We need biosafety because of; Different Biosafety Level Biosafety Level is also known as pathogen/protection level, it is referred … Read more

Biosafety Guidelines – Biosafety guidelines and regulations

Biosafety Guidelines: Biosafety guidelines and regulations

Biosafety guidelines provide guidelines, policies, and procedures that must be observed by all personnel who work in facilities handling microbiological agents, such as bacteria, viruses and parasites, fungi and prions. These guidelines are required for all institutions, including clinical and microbiological labs, biomedical research laboratories, teaching and training laboratories, and other healthcare institutions (e.g. hospitals, … Read more

Biosafety Cabinet – Definition, Classification (Class I, II, III), Working Mechanism, Application, Features.

Biosafety Cabinet: Definition, Classification (Class I, II, III), Working Mechanism, Application, Features.

What is Biosafety Cabinet? A biosafety cabinet (BSC), also known as a biological safety cabinet or microbiological safety cabinet, is a specialized laboratory workspace designed to handle materials contaminated with or potentially contaminated with pathogens requiring a specific biosafety level. The primary purpose of a biosafety cabinet is to provide a safe working environment for … Read more

Simple columnar epithelium – definition, structure, functions, examples

Simple columnar epithelium - definition, structure, functions, examples

Definition of Simple columnar epithelium  The simple columnar epithelium, which is one type of epithelium, is made up of a single layer consisting of long, elongated cells. These cells are located in areas where absorption or secretion are the primary functions. The cells of the columnar epithelium can also be modified, just like cuboidal epithelium. … Read more

P-value – definition, significance, formula, table, finding p-value

P-value definition, significance, formula, table, finding p-value

Definition of p-value  The p-value, or estimated probability represents the most reliable probability of providing the lowest amount of significance, that the null hypothesis isn’t the case. Formula of p-value  How to find p-value? P-values can be determined through comparing test results against the table of p-values for various scores. The scores calculated by the … Read more

Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium

Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium

What is Stratified cuboidal epithelium? Definition of Stratified cuboidal epithelium  Stratified cuboidal epithelium is a type of epithelial tissue characterized by multiple layers of cells, with the surface layer consisting of cube-shaped cells. It is primarily found in glandular structures and plays roles in protection, selective absorption, and secretion. Stratified cuboidal epithelium labeled Stratified cuboidal … Read more

Glandular Epithelium – Functions, definition, structure, examples

Glandular Epithelium functions, definition, structure, examples

Definition Glandular epithelium  The glandular epithelium comprises a set of tissues that is not the epithelium that covers and lines that is specifically designed to secrete and produce of different macromolecules. Due to its primary role it is often referred to as”the secretory epithelium. It is situated under the lining and covering epithelium. It may … Read more

Hypotonic Solution – Definition, Importance, Examples

Hypotonic Solution - Definition, Importance, Examples

What is hypotonic solution? Definition of Hypotonic solution A hypotonic solution is one that has a lower solute concentration compared to another solution, leading to a net movement of water into the region of higher solute concentration, typically across a semipermeable membrane. What Happens to Cells when it is placed in a hypotonic Solution? When … Read more

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