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Ecological Succession – Definition, Types, Mechanism, Examples

Ecological Succession - Definition, Types, Mechanism, Examples

What is Ecological Succession? Ecological Succession Definition Ecological succession is the systematic and predictable process by which species composition in an ecosystem changes over time, progressing from initial colonization to a mature and stable community. Characteristics of Ecological Succession Ecological succession is a fundamental concept in the realm of ecology, delineating the sequential transformation of … Read more

Climax Community – Definition, Characteristics, Theories

Climax Community - Definition, Characteristics, Theories

What is climax community? Climax community means Characteristics of a climax commu­nity Nature of Climax Community 1. Poly-climax and Mono-climax 2. Pattern theory of Climax  Factors Affecting the Nature of Climax Community Transient and cyclic climax Theories of the Climax Community There are several ideas about what happens at the end: 1. Mono-climax Theory 2. … Read more

Detritus Food Chain – Definition, Energy Flow, Examples

Detritus Food Chain - Definition, Energy Flow, Examples

What is Detritus Food Chain? Characteristics of Detritus Food Chain The detritus food chain exhibits several distinct characteristics that set it apart from other food chains. Here are some key characteristics of the detritus food chain: These characteristics collectively highlight the unique features and ecological significance of the detritus food chain. By capitalizing on detritus … Read more

Grazing Food Chain – Definition, Types, Examples and Features

Grazing Food Chain - Definition, Types, Examples and Features

What is Grazing Food Chain? Definition of Grazing Food Chain The grazing food chain is a type of food chain in which energy flows from photosynthetic producers to herbivores and then to carnivores. It starts with green plants that convert sunlight into energy through photosynthesis and is characterized by the consumption of plant material by … Read more

Models of Energy Flow in a Ecosystem – Linear and Y-shaped food chains

Models of Energy Flow in a Ecosystem - Linear and Y-shaped food chains

Energy Flow in Ecosystem Energy flow in an ecosystem refers to the movement of energy through various trophic levels, from producers to consumers, and eventually to decomposers. It represents the transfer of energy from one organism to another and is a fundamental process that sustains life within an ecosystem. Here are some key points about … Read more

Biogeochemical Cycle – Definition, Importance, Examples

Biogeochemical Cycle - Definition, Importance, Examples

What is Biogeochemical Cycle? Definition of Biogeochemical Cycle A biogeochemical cycle is the movement and transformation of chemical elements and compounds between living organisms, the atmosphere, and the Earth’s crust, involving the cycling and recycling of nutrients and elements essential for life. Types of Biogeochemical Cycles Biogeochemical cycles are classified into two main types: gaseous cycles … Read more

Ecological efficiency – Definition, Factors, Calculation, Applications

Ecological efficiency - Definition, Factors, Calculation, Applications

What is Ecological efficiency? Energy transfer Energy transfer in an ecosystem is a fundamental process that involves the flow of energy from one trophic level to another. The energy originates from primary production, which occurs in autotrophic organisms such as plants and algae. These photoautotrophs convert solar energy into chemical energy through the process of … Read more

Zonation – Definition, Types, Importance, Example

Zonation - Definition, Types, Importance, Example

What is Zonation? Definition of Zonation Zonation is the spatial arrangement of distinct ecological communities based on predominant flora and fauna across a gradient, influenced by both biotic and abiotic factors. How Does Zonation Works? Zonation in ecological contexts refers to the distinct stratification or partitioning of habitats or ecosystems into zones, each characterized by … Read more

Altitudinal Zonation – Definition, Factors, Importance, Examples

Altitudinal Zonation - Definition, Factors, Importance, Examples

What is Altitudinal Zonation? Definition of Altitudinal Zonation Altitudinal zonation refers to the stratification of ecosystems in mountainous regions due to varying environmental conditions at different elevations, leading to distinct habitats that support specific vegetation and animal species. Factors of Altitudinal zonation Altitudinal zonation in mountainous regions is shaped by a myriad of environmental determinants. … Read more

Vertical Zonation – Definition, Types, Causes, Factors, Examples

Vertical Zonation - Definition, Types, Causes, Factors, Examples

What is Vertical Zonation? Vertical zonation refers to the distribution of different species or communities in distinct vertical layers or zones in an environment. This phenomenon is most commonly observed in marine ecosystems, especially along rocky intertidal shores, but it can also be found in forests and other terrestrial habitats. In each of these environments, … Read more

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