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Petri dish – Definition, Structure, Types, Uses

What is a Petri dish? – Petri dish Meaning

  • A Petri dish, also known as a Petri plate or cell-culture dish, is a shallow, transparent container used by biologists to hold growth medium for cultivating cells. It was initially designed to culture cells of bacteria, fungi, and small mosses. The dish consists of a clear glass or plastic cylinder with a lid that helps retain a thin coating of agar, a gel-like substance used as a growth medium.
  • The term “Petri dish” is derived from the name of its inventor, Julius Richard Petri (1852-1921), who worked as Robert Koch’s assistant at the Imperial Health Office in Berlin. Petri created a small, circular, flat-bottomed dish with sides, and the set typically included two dishes, with one slightly larger than the other serving as a cover and shield. This design incorporated two fundamental principles: separation and visibility.
  • The Petri dish allows the cultivation of microorganisms while isolating them from airborne contaminants, thus preventing cross-contamination. It also provides a means to separate the individuals handling the dish from the cultivated bacteria after the process. Furthermore, the transparent nature of the dish ensures visibility, enabling researchers to observe and monitor the growth and behavior of the microorganisms.
  • Since its invention, the Petri dish has become the most prevalent form of culture plate used in biology laboratories. It has become a common item associated with laboratory work and has permeated popular culture. In non-technical literature, the term is sometimes written in lowercase letters.
  • The precursor to the modern Petri dish was developed by Robert Koch, a German physician, in 1881 in his personal laboratory. Petri, working as Koch’s assistant at Berlin University, made the final modifications to the design in 1887, which are still in use today.
  • One notable discovery made using a Petri dish was the identification of penicillin, the first antibiotic. In 1929, Alexander Fleming noticed that penicillium mold, which had contaminated a bacterial culture in a Petri dish, had effectively killed the surrounding bacteria. This accidental observation marked a significant breakthrough in the field of medicine and laid the foundation for the development of antibiotics.
  • Before the introduction of Petri dishes, microorganisms were cultured in test tubes, ancient liquor bottles, and glass jars, which were susceptible to contamination from the environment. Even with lids, the frequent need to open the containers for inspection allowed for the entry of condensation and airborne particles, hindering the formation of microbial colonies.
  • The Petri dish revolutionized laboratory practices by providing a controlled and easily observable environment for the cultivation of microorganisms. Its impact on microbiology and cell culture techniques remains significant, making it an indispensable tool in scientific research.

Petri dish definition

A Petri dish is a shallow, transparent container used in laboratories to cultivate and observe microorganisms and cells. It consists of a flat-bottomed dish with vertical sides and a lid, typically made of clear glass or plastic.

History of Petri Dish

  • The Petri dish, a fundamental tool in microbiology and laboratory research, has a fascinating history that can be traced back to the 19th century. It was during this time that a German bacteriologist named Julius Richard Petri, while working in Robert Koch’s laboratory, made a significant contribution to the field by inventing the Petri dish.
  • Before Petri’s innovation, bacteria were typically cultured in test tubes or flasks containing solid media. However, this method posed several challenges in terms of handling and observing bacterial colonies. Petri recognized the need for a more practical solution and set out to improve the existing method.
  • Petri devised a shallow, flat dish that provided an ideal environment for the growth and observation of bacterial cultures. The dish had a lid, which helped to prevent contamination while still allowing for the exchange of gases. Its design allowed researchers to easily manipulate and observe the colonies without disturbing them. This breakthrough was a significant advancement in the field of microbiology, as it provided a more efficient and effective way to study microorganisms.
  • In 1887, Petri published his work titled “Eine kleine Modification des Kochschen Platten Verfahrens” (A small modification of Koch’s plate method), in which he detailed the design and applications of the dish he had invented. This publication marked the introduction of the Petri dish to the scientific community, and it soon gained recognition and widespread adoption.
  • Over time, the Petri dish became an essential tool in laboratories worldwide, revolutionizing microbiological research. Its simplicity and versatility made it indispensable for various applications, including bacterial culturing, colony counting, antibiotic susceptibility testing, and many other experiments requiring a controlled environment for microorganisms.
  • The legacy of Julius Richard Petri’s invention continues to influence modern scientific practices. Although advancements in technology have introduced alternative methods for microbiological research, the Petri dish remains a cornerstone of laboratory work. Its enduring significance can be attributed to the ingenious design and the immense contribution it has made to the understanding and study of microorganisms.

Major Historical Events of Petri Dish

While the Petri dish itself is not associated with major historical events, it has played a significant role in several scientific breakthroughs and advancements throughout history. Here are some notable events involving the use of Petri dishes:

  1. Invention of the Petri dish (1887): German bacteriologist Julius Richard Petri invented the Petri dish while working as an assistant to Robert Koch. His invention revolutionized microbiology and laboratory research by providing a practical and efficient way to culture and observe microorganisms.
  2. Discovery of penicillin (1929): Alexander Fleming made the accidental discovery of penicillin when he observed that penicillium mold, which had contaminated a bacterial culture in a Petri dish, inhibited the growth of bacteria. This discovery marked a significant milestone in the development of antibiotics.
  3. Development of cell culture techniques: The Petri dish has played a crucial role in the development of cell culture techniques, allowing researchers to grow and study various types of cells outside of the human body. This advancement has contributed to advancements in medicine, drug development, and understanding cellular processes.
  4. Advancements in microbiology: The Petri dish has been instrumental in various discoveries and advancements in the field of microbiology. It has facilitated the isolation and identification of microorganisms, the study of bacterial colonies and growth patterns, and the development of diagnostic tests for infectious diseases.
  5. Contributions to genetic research: Petri dishes are widely used in genetic research, including the cultivation of genetically modified organisms, gene expression studies, and cell-based assays. They have played a significant role in advancing our understanding of genetics and molecular biology.

While not necessarily historical events in the traditional sense, these milestones highlight the impact of the Petri dish on scientific progress and its integral role in numerous scientific discoveries and advancements.

Features of Petri dish

Petri dishes come with various features that make them suitable for laboratory use. Here are some common features of Petri dishes:

  1. Material: Petri dishes are typically made of 100% virgin polystyrene, which provides excellent clarity and allows for easy observation of cell growth and colonies.
  2. Diameter: Petri dishes are available in different diameters to accommodate various experimental needs. Common sizes include 35mm, 50mm, 70mm, 90mm, and 150mm.
  3. Customization: Some Petri dishes can be customized to meet specific requirements, such as special markings or unique dimensions.
  4. Writing Space: Petri dishes often have a designated area on the lid or bottom dish where researchers can label or write important information, such as the date, sample name, or medium used.
  5. One-Handed Use: Petri dishes are designed for easy handling and can be operated with one hand, allowing researchers to perform tasks efficiently.
  6. Sterilization: Petri dishes undergo gamma radiation sterilization, ensuring that they are free from contaminants and suitable for aseptic laboratory work.
  7. Packaging: Petri dishes are typically packaged in plastic sleeves with thick walls to provide protection during transportation and storage.
  8. Unique Design: Some Petri dishes feature unique characteristics in their design. For example, the 90mm x 15mm Petri dish may have specific features that make it well-suited for certain applications.
  9. Digital Scale: Petri dishes may have a digital scale or markings on the bottom dish, allowing for easy positioning and counting of colonies or quadrants during experiments.
  10. Stacking Capability: Petri dishes often have a stacking ring design, which enables simple and secure stacking of multiple dishes, saving space in the laboratory and facilitating storage.

These features contribute to the usability, sterility, and convenience of Petri dishes, making them essential tools for various microbiological and cell culture applications in the laboratory.

Petri dish sizes

Petri dishes come in various sizes to accommodate different experimental needs. Here are some common sizes of Petri dishes:

  1. Small: Small Petri dishes typically have a diameter of around 35-60 millimeters (mm). These are commonly used for small-scale experiments or when limited sample volume is available.
  2. Standard: Standard Petri dishes have a diameter of approximately 90-100 mm. These are the most commonly used size in laboratories for general culture and observation purposes.
  3. Large: Large Petri dishes have a diameter ranging from 120-150 mm or more. These larger dishes are used when a larger surface area is required for cell growth or when handling larger samples.

It’s important to note that these sizes can vary slightly depending on the manufacturer and specific application. It’s always recommended to check the product specifications when purchasing Petri dishes to ensure they meet your requirements.

petri dish diagram
petri dish diagram

Parts of Petri Dish

A Petri dish consists of two main parts: the bottom dish/container and the lid/cover.

  1. Bottom Dish/Container: The bottom dish or container is the larger part of the Petri dish. It serves as the main body that holds the growth medium and provides a stable base for the plate. The bottom dish is typically transparent, allowing for easy observation of the samples inside. It is usually flat with a slightly ridged rim, which helps to prevent spillage of the agar medium. The bottom dish is also where labeling is commonly done, including information such as the date, name of the sample, type of medium used, or any other relevant details.
  2. Lid/Cover: The lid or cover is the smaller part of the Petri dish that fits on top of the bottom dish. It plays a crucial role in protecting the medium from contamination and moisture loss. The lid is slightly larger than the bottom dish, allowing it to securely cover the entire dish and create a sealed environment. Like the bottom dish, the lid is transparent, enabling researchers to observe the samples without the need to remove the cover, which could introduce contamination. The transparency of both the bottom dish and the lid facilitates visual inspection and monitoring of the growth and behavior of microorganisms or cells within the Petri dish.

In addition to these main parts, it is worth noting that in some cases, parafilm or other sealing materials may be used to further secure the Petri plates and prevent external contamination. However, the fundamental components of a Petri dish are the bottom dish/container and the lid/cover, which together provide a controlled environment for the cultivation and observation of microorganisms and cells.

Types of Petri dishes

Petri dishes come in various types and designs, catering to different needs and applications. Here are some common types of Petri dishes based on different criteria:

  1. Based on Shape: Petri dishes are typically cylindrical, but square and rectangular-shaped options are also available. The diameter of cylindrical Petri dishes can range from 30 to 200 millimeters.
  2. Based on Usability: Petri dishes can be categorized as reusable or disposable, depending on the materials used in their construction. Reusable dishes are durable and can withstand repeated sterilization procedures, either dry or wet.
  3. Based on Material: Petri dishes can be made of different materials, including glass, polystyrene, polypropylene, cellulose acetate, and nitrile.
  • Glass: Borosilicate glass Petri dishes are heat-resistant and suitable for sterilization in autoclaves or laboratory ovens at temperatures ranging from 120 to 160°C.
  • Plastic (Polystyrene): Plastic Petri dishes are disposable and cost-effective. They are commonly used in industrial and clinical settings for routine microbiological testing. However, they have limitations in low-temperature applications.
  • Plastic (Polypropylene): Polypropylene Petri dishes are lightweight, heat-resistant, chemically resistant, and more durable than glass dishes. They are well-suited for various laboratory applications.
  • Cellulose Acetate: Cellulose acetate Petri dishes are specifically designed for situations that require substantial oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange. They offer enhanced gas permeability.
  • Nitrile: Nitrile Petri plates are suitable for low-temperature applications and have a temperature range of -30°F to 275°F.
  1. Based on Compartments: Some Petri dishes feature compartments, allowing the preparation of multiple culture media within a single plate. These dishes may have 2 to 4 compartments, providing flexibility in conducting different experiments or tests simultaneously.

These various types of Petri dishes cater to different research, laboratory, and experimental requirements, providing scientists and researchers with options that suit their specific needs.

How to use Petri dishes effectively in a laboratory?

Using Petri dishes in a laboratory requires proper cleaning, sterilization, and handling techniques. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to use Petri dishes effectively:

  1. Cleaning and Sterilization:
    • Before using a Petri dish, ensure it is clean and free of any contaminants. Disinfect used dishes with bleach before reusing them.
    • Sterilize the Petri dish using appropriate methods, such as autoclaving, dry heat sterilization, or UV sterilization. This step is crucial to eliminate any microorganisms that may interfere with the experiment.
  2. Preparation of Agar Media:
    • Prepare agar media, which contains nutrients, indicators, antibiotics, and other substances to promote microbial growth. Agar media can be prepared using red algae.
    • Fill the Petri dish with the agar media, ensuring it covers the bottom of the dish evenly.
  3. Inversion and Refrigeration:
    • Invert the Petri dish and place it upside down in the refrigerator. This helps to prevent condensation from accumulating on the agar surface, which can lead to contamination.
  4. Sample Application:
    • When needed, remove the culture plates from the refrigerator and allow them to return to room temperature.
    • Take a sample of bacteria or other microorganisms and apply it to the agar surface. This can be done by slowly pouring the sample onto the culture or by using a cotton swab to streak the sample in a zigzag pattern. Avoid applying excessive pressure to prevent damaging the culture.
  5. Covering and Incubation:
    • Once the sample is applied, cover the Petri dish with its lid securely to create a sealed environment.
    • Place the Petri dish in an incubator or a suitable temperature-controlled environment. Incubate the dish at the appropriate temperature, usually around 37°C, for optimal microbial growth.
  6. Observation and Research:
    • Allow the sample to grow for a few days, providing sufficient time for the microorganisms to develop and form colonies.
    • After the desired incubation period, remove the Petri dish from the incubator and observe the growth and characteristics of the microbial colonies.
  7. Post-Use Treatment and Storage:
    • After using the Petri dish, treat it with bleach to eliminate any remaining microorganisms.
    • Sterilize the dishes again before storing or reusing them for future experiments.
    • Store the Petri dish upside down, either in a refrigerator or a dedicated storage system, to prevent condensation from dripping onto the agar surface.

How to grow bacteria in a petri dish?

Growing bacteria in a Petri dish is a standard laboratory procedure known as bacterial culture. This process involves creating an environment conducive to bacterial growth, which typically includes a growth medium, appropriate temperature, and sometimes specific atmospheric conditions. Here’s a straightforward guide to growing bacteria in a Petri dish:

Materials Needed:

  • Petri dishes with agar (Agar is a gel-like substance derived from algae that provides nutrients for bacteria)
  • Inoculating loop or sterile swabs
  • Bacteria sample (This could be from a known culture for laboratory experiments or environmental samples for testing purposes)
  • Incubator (optional, depending on bacteria)
  • Gloves and appropriate safety gear

Steps:

1. Preparation

  • Start by ensuring a clean workspace to avoid contamination. Disinfect the surface with 70% ethanol or another suitable disinfectant.
  • Wear gloves and, if necessary, other protective gear to maintain sterility and ensure personal safety.

2. Sterilize the Inoculating Loop

  • If using an inoculating loop, sterilize it by passing it through a flame until it glows red. Allow it to cool before picking up your bacteria sample. If using sterile swabs, this step isn’t necessary.

3. Inoculate the Agar Plate

  • Open the Petri dish containing the agar slightly (like a clamshell) to minimize contamination risk.
  • If using a loop, gently streak the loop with the bacteria sample over the surface of the agar in a zigzag or “S” pattern. If using a swab, gently roll the swab over the agar surface in a similar pattern.
  • Rotate the Petri dish slightly and streak again to ensure even distribution and isolation of colonies.
  • Close the Petri dish lid securely after inoculation.

4. Incubation

  • Place the inoculated Petri dishes in an incubator or a warm, non-sunny spot if an incubator isn’t available. The ideal temperature for bacterial growth is usually around 37°C (98.6°F) for many types, mimicking the human body temperature, but this can vary depending on the bacterial species.
  • Invert the Petri dishes (lid on the bottom) to prevent condensation on the lid from dripping onto the agar surface, which could spread the bacteria across the plate and hinder isolated colony growth.

5. Observation and Results

  • Check the plates at regular intervals, typically 24-48 hours, to observe bacterial growth. Bacterial colonies should appear as small, possibly colored spots on the agar surface.
  • Each visible colony typically arises from a single bacterium or a group of the same bacteria and can be used for further analysis or experiments.

Safety Precautions:

  • Always follow proper aseptic techniques to avoid contamination of your culture or the environment.
  • Handle all bacterial cultures as potential pathogens. Dispose of used Petri dishes and other materials in biohazard containers.
  • Wash hands thoroughly before and after the procedure.

Why is the petri dish placed upside down during incubation?

The practice of placing Petri dishes upside down during incubation serves several important purposes:

  1. Prevention of Condensation: When Petri plates are incubated in a normal position, condensation can occur on the lid and drip onto the agar surface. This can cause mixing of colonies and disrupt the growth patterns of microorganisms, making it difficult to accurately determine microbial counts. By placing the plates upside down, the evaporation rate of water is reduced, minimizing the risk of condensation and maintaining a suitable environment for proper microbial growth.
  2. Prevention of Media Dryness: Placing Petri dishes upside down helps prevent the agar media from drying out during incubation. The inverted position helps to retain moisture within the dish, ensuring that the agar remains hydrated throughout the incubation period. This is crucial for supporting the growth and development of microorganisms in the culture.
  3. Reduction of Contamination Risks: Placing the Petri dish in an inverted position reduces the chances of contaminants settling on the lid and coming into contact with the culture. Contaminants present in the laboratory environment, such as airborne particles or microorganisms, are less likely to fall directly onto the agar surface when the dish is inverted. This helps maintain the purity of the culture and reduces the risk of unwanted contamination.
  4. Easy Handling: Inverting the Petri dishes also facilitates their easy handling in the laboratory. The flat and stable base of the dish allows for convenient stacking, labeling, and manipulation during the incubation period and subsequent analysis. It provides a practical and organized arrangement for multiple Petri dishes in the laboratory setting.

Maintenance of petri dishes

  • Cleaning: Petri dishes are simple to clean. The dish can be washed under running water or disinfected with bleach, making it ready for reuse.
  • Storage: When not in use, the Petri dishes should be stored upside down. To prevent condensation, they should be stored in a cool, dry place or a refrigerator. 
  • Life: Depending on their use, the Petri Dishes have a lengthy lifespan. Glass Petri dishes can be reused after sterilisation, but disposable Petri dishes are only used once and then discarded. 

Precautions

When working with Petri dishes, it is important to take certain precautions to maintain a sterile and safe environment. Here are some precautions to consider:

  1. Sterilization: Before using Petri dishes, ensure that they are sterilized to eliminate any potential contaminants. This can be done through autoclaving, dry heat sterilization, or other appropriate methods depending on the material of the Petri dish. Similarly, after use, the Petri dishes should be properly sterilized or disposed of to prevent the spread of microorganisms.
  2. Glove Usage: Wear gloves while handling Petri dishes to minimize the risk of contamination from your hands. Disposable gloves made of nitrile or latex are commonly used in laboratory settings. Gloves act as a barrier between your hands and the Petri dish, reducing the chances of introducing unwanted microorganisms.
  3. Sterile Environment: Perform experiments involving Petri dishes in a sterile environment, such as a laminar flow hood or a clean bench. These controlled environments help to minimize airborne contaminants and maintain a sterile workspace. It is important to keep the area clean and free from dust, and to follow good laboratory practices to prevent contamination.
  4. Clean Spills Properly: In the event of spills or accidents involving the contents of Petri dishes, handle the clean-up with caution. Use appropriate disinfectants and cleaning methods to decontaminate the area and prevent the spread of microorganisms. It is essential to properly dispose of any spilled materials and contaminated items following proper laboratory protocols.
  5. Hand Hygiene: Maintain good hand hygiene throughout the experiment. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before and after working with Petri dishes. This helps to minimize the transfer of microorganisms from your hands to the Petri dish and vice versa. Regular hand washing is a fundamental practice in laboratory settings to prevent cross-contamination.
  6. Use Sterile Equipment and Materials: Ensure that all equipment and materials used in conjunction with Petri dishes are sterile. This includes pipettes, inoculating loops, media, and any other items that come into contact with the Petri dish. Sterilize the equipment appropriately before use or use pre-sterilized disposable items to maintain the integrity of the experiment.

Applications of Petri Dish

Petri dishes have a wide range of applications in various fields, including microbiology, cell culture, research, and education. Here are some common applications of Petri dishes:

  1. Microbial Culture: Petri dishes are extensively used in microbiology laboratories to culture and grow microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. The transparent nature of the dish allows for easy observation of microbial growth without disturbing the cultures. It provides a controlled environment for the growth of cells and helps protect them from contamination.
  2. Science Education: Petri dishes are often used in schools and colleges for science projects and experiments. They are ideal for observing seed germination, studying the growth of microorganisms, and conducting simple experiments to understand biological processes.
  3. Density Measurement: Some Petri dishes come with printed grids on the bottom, which can be used to measure the density of cell cultures. These grids help in counting and quantifying the number of cells or colonies present in the culture.
  4. Storage of Samples: Petri dishes are used for the storage of liquid or granular samples. They provide a convenient and sterile space to hold samples in a controlled environment. Additionally, Petri dishes can also be used to store small objects like insects, seeds, or other biological specimens.
  5. Evaporation and Drying: Petri dishes can be used for the evaporation and drying of liquid samples. The large surface area of the dish allows for efficient evaporation, making it useful in applications where concentration or drying of samples is required.
  6. Agar Plates: One of the most common applications of Petri dishes is in the preparation of agar plates. Agar plates provide a solid medium for the growth of microorganisms. They are prepared by pouring a sterilized agar mixture into sterile Petri dishes, allowing it to solidify, and then using them for various microbiological experiments and analyses.
Uses of Petri dishes
Uses of Petri dishes

Advantages of Petri dishes 

Petri dishes offer several advantages in laboratory settings. Here are the key advantages of using Petri dishes:

  1. Cell Structure Study: Petri dishes facilitate the study of cell structure and the observation of cell colonies. They provide a controlled environment for the growth and observation of cells, allowing scientists to examine their characteristics, behaviors, and interactions.
  2. Seed Germination: Petri dishes are essential tools for observing seed germination in educational laboratories. They provide a suitable environment for seeds to sprout and grow, allowing students to study and learn about the process of plant development.
  3. Contamination Prevention: Petri dishes come with lids or covers that serve as a protective barrier, preventing contamination from airborne particles, microorganisms, and atmospheric reactions. The lid helps maintain the sterility of the culture and ensures accurate experimental results.
  4. Reusability: Petri dishes can be reused after sterilization, making them a cost-effective option in the laboratory. The ability to repeatedly sterilize Petri dishes allows for their reuse in different experiments and reduces the need for constant replacement.
  5. Size and Shape Variability: Petri dishes are available in various sizes and shapes, offering flexibility in experimental design and application. Researchers can choose the appropriate size and shape based on their specific requirements and the nature of the experiment.
  6. Transparent Observation: The transparency of Petri dishes allows for easy observation of cells or microorganisms inside without the need to remove the lid. This feature enables researchers to monitor the growth, behavior, and development of cells or microbial cultures over time.
  7. Cost-effectiveness: Petri dishes, particularly the plastic ones, are relatively inexpensive compared to other laboratory equipment. This affordability makes them widely accessible and allows for their use in routine laboratory procedures and experiments.
  8. Storage Space: Petri dishes provide ample space for culturing cells or microbial colonies. The flat surface area allows for the distribution and growth of cultures, enabling researchers to work with multiple samples or strains in a single dish.

Limitations of Petri Dish

While Petri dishes have numerous advantages, they also have certain limitations that should be considered. Here are some limitations of Petri dishes:

  1. Contamination Risk: The use of Petri dishes requires careful handling and aseptic techniques to prevent contamination. Without proper training and skill, there is a risk of introducing unwanted microorganisms or contaminants, which can interfere with the experimental results.
  2. Material Compatibility: The choice of material for Petri dishes, such as plastic or glass, may not be suitable for all types of experiments. Some sensitive cells or organisms may interact with the material, potentially affecting their growth or behavior. Biocompatibility and the potential for material leaching should be considered when selecting Petri dishes for specific applications.
  3. Lack of Physiological Conditions: Petri dishes do not provide an environment that mimics the complex physiological conditions in which cells or microorganisms naturally grow. Factors such as temperature, humidity, and oxygen levels may differ from the natural habitat of the organisms, potentially influencing their growth, metabolism, and behavior. It is important to be aware of this limitation when studying cellular responses or microbial activities.
  4. Limited Space and Sample Size: Petri dishes have a limited surface area, which restricts the number of samples that can be cultured in a single dish. This limitation becomes more significant when working with large sample sizes or conducting high-throughput experiments. Researchers may need to use multiple Petri dishes or consider alternative culture systems to accommodate their experimental needs.
  5. Lack of Dynamic Systems: Petri dishes provide a static environment where cells or microorganisms grow without the ability to simulate dynamic conditions or interactions with other cell types or tissues. For certain studies that require complex cellular interactions, such as tissue engineering or co-culture experiments, Petri dishes may not be the most suitable choice.

Important Note

  • The cells in the Petri dish are maintained under optimal environmental conditions with the necessary nutrients, allowing them to proliferate in a specific medium. It helps create space for the procedure and prevents contamination of the cells.
  • The form and size of a petri dish make it possible to observe and dissect even the smallest cells directly under a microscope for further research.

FAQ

What is petri dish?

A Petri Dish, also known as the Cell Culture Dish, is a shallow cylindrical-shaped round glass used to create a colony of microorganisms and cells. Julius Petri invented the first Petri Dish in 1887 when he realized the need to keep specimens of growing bacteria sterilized.

What is a petri dish used for?

Petri dish used for To culture cells.

What sterilization method are you used for petri dish sterilization?

Standard protocol requires the use of autoclaves to sterilize petri dishes, as only high heat and pressure can effectively kill the full range of microorganisms, which can persist even under unusually harsh conditions.

What is a Petri dish?

A Petri dish, also known as a Petri plate or cell-culture dish, is a shallow transparent lidded dish used in biology laboratories to hold growth medium for culturing cells, typically microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, and small mosses.

Who invented the Petri dish?

The Petri dish was invented by German bacteriologist Julius Richard Petri while working as an assistant to Robert Koch, a renowned German microbiologist, in the late 19th century.

What are the main parts of a Petri dish?

A Petri dish consists of two main parts: the bottom dish/container and the lid/cover. The bottom dish holds the growth medium and provides a stable base, while the lid protects the medium from contamination and moisture loss.

What are the different types of Petri dishes?

Petri dishes can vary based on shape, material, and compartments. They can be cylindrical, square, or rectangular in shape. The material can be glass, plastic (polystyrene, polypropylene), or cellulose acetate. Some Petri dishes have compartments that allow multiple culture media to be prepared in a single plate.

Can Petri dishes be reused?

Yes, some Petri dishes are designed to be reusable. They can withstand repeated sterilization procedures, such as dry/wet sterilization. However, disposable Petri dishes are also available, which are used once and then discarded to prevent contamination.

How are Petri dishes used in laboratories?

Petri dishes are used in laboratories for various purposes, such as culturing microorganisms, studying cell structure, observing seed germination, measuring the density of cultures, storing samples, and drying samples. They provide a controlled environment for the growth and observation of cells and microorganisms.

How do you sterilize a Petri dish?

Petri dishes can be sterilized through different methods depending on the material. Glass Petri dishes can be sterilized in autoclaves or laboratory ovens, while plastic Petri dishes are often disposable and come pre-sterilized. Proper sterilization procedures help eliminate contaminants and ensure a sterile environment for experiments.

What precautions should be taken when using Petri dishes?

Precautions when using Petri dishes include sterilizing or disposing of them before and after use, wearing gloves to prevent contamination, performing experiments in a sterile environment, cleaning up spills carefully, and using only sterile equipment and materials.

Can Petri dishes be used for plant tissue culture?

Yes, Petri dishes are commonly used in plant tissue culture laboratories. They provide a suitable environment for the growth and development of plant tissues, allowing researchers to study and propagate plants in a controlled setting.

Where can I buy Petri dishes?

Petri dishes can be purchased from scientific supply companies, laboratory equipment suppliers, or online retailers specializing in laboratory supplies. They are widely available and come in various sizes and materials to suit different research needs.

References

  • https://microbiologie-clinique.com/petri-dish.html
  • https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/petri-dish
  • https://www.glasscolabs.com/product-category/laboratory-glassware/dishes/petri-dishes/
  • https://www.abdoslifesciences.com/product/petri-dish-ps/
  • https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/IN/en/search/petri-dish?focus=products&page=1&perpage=30&sort=relevance&term=petri%20dish&type=product_name
  • https://www.micropia.nl/en/discover/microbiology/petri-dish/
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7774570/
  • https://www.scienceequip.com.au/blogs/news/petri-dish-function-and-their-uses-in-laboratory
  • https://www.flmedical.com/plastic-laboratory-products/plastic-petri-dishes/
  • http://www.spllifesciences.com/en/m21.php?cate=3
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  • https://www.drifton.eu/shop/110-laboratory-glassware/2411-petri-dish-in-plastic/
  • https://www.clinisciences.com/en/buy/cat-petri-dishes-for-plant-tissue-culture-5317.html
  • https://thebiomedicalscientist.net/science/big-story-petri-dish
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  • https://www.pipette.com/petridishes

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