Wendell Meredith Stanley, born in the USA, is often considered the "Father of Virology" due to his groundbreaking work on the crystallization of viruses.

Wendell Meredith Stanley was born on August 16, 1904, in Ridgeville, Indiana, USA.

Stanley received his Ph.D. in Chemistry from the University of Illinois in 1929. He later worked at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research and the University of California, Berkeley.

Stanley's most notable achievement was the crystallization of the Tobacco Mosaic Virus (TMV) in 1935. This work demonstrated that viruses could be purified and studied as distinct molecular entities.

For his groundbreaking work on TMV, Stanley was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1946. This was the first Nobel Prize ever awarded to a virologist, highlighting the significance of his contributions to the field.

Stanley's research laid the foundation for modern virology by showing that viruses are composed of proteins and nucleic acids, thus bridging the gap between chemistry and biology.

Although primarily recognized as a virologist, Stanley's work also established important principles in biochemistry, particularly in understanding the structure and function of biological macromolecules.

Stanley's contributions to virology and biochemistry have had a lasting impact, influencing subsequent research in the molecular biology of viruses and the development of antiviral therapies.

Stanley authored numerous scientific papers detailing his research on viruses, contributing to the broader understanding of viral structure and function.

Throughout his career, Stanley was also dedicated to teaching and mentoring the next generation of scientists, furthering the development of virology and biochemistry.

In addition to the Nobel Prize, Stanley received many other accolades and honors for his contributions to science, solidifying his legacy as a pioneer in virology.