Robert Hooke is considered the Father of Cytology.

He was born on July 18, 1635, in Freshwater, Isle of Wight, England.

Hooke published "Micrographia" in 1665, a groundbreaking book that detailed his microscopic observations.

In "Micrographia," Hooke described the structure of cork and coined the term "cell" to describe the tiny, box-like structures he observed.

He utilized a compound microscope to examine various materials, significantly advancing the study of microscopic life.

Hooke made significant contributions to various fields, including physics, astronomy, and engineering.

He was a key member and Curator of Experiments for the Royal Society of London, one of the earliest scientific institutions.

Hooke’s work laid the foundation for cell theory and greatly influenced subsequent developments in biology.

His detailed observations and methodological approach set a precedent for future scientists, including Antonie van Leeuwenhoek and others who furthered the study of cells.